Choosing Your Chocolate
Of course, all hot chocolate starts with, what else, chocolate! You can make hot chocolate with whole squares of real chocolate, chocolate syrup or cocoa powder, so you’ve got many price and taste choices. To make sure you’re purchasing ethically produced Fair Trade chocolate, download the Green America chocolate scorecard (PDF). This scorecard offers chocolate company rankings as well as the hidden scoop behind cocoa certification labels, such as Fair Trade, Fair for Life, Rainforest Alliance, UTZ and the USDA organic seal. Go organic with your chocolate whenever possible to cut back on harmful pesticides and other chemicals. Recipes for homemade hot chocolate are posted on the following pages, but if you’re short on time, there are a number of ready-made, Fair Trade hot chocolate mixes available today, such as:
- Equal Exchange Fair Trade Organic Hot Cocoa Mix
- Organic Fair Trade Spicy Hot Cocoa
- Lake Champlain Chocolates Organic Fair Trade Hot Chocolate
- Camino Fair Trade, Organic Hot Chocolate
- Theo Sipping Chocolate – Fair Trade, Organic & Non-GMO certified
- Sweet Earth Chocolates Organic Peppermint Cocoa Mix
- Dean’s Beans Hot Cocoa – Fair Trade & Organic
Hot Chocolate Made with Whole Chocolate
When looking at chocolate bars, note that bittersweet chocolate has less sugar than semisweet, so bittersweet produces a richer, less sweet chocolate flavor. You may also see different cacao percentages. A high cacao percentage means that more chocolate solids are in the bar than a lower percentage bar, i.e. equaling a more intense chocolate taste. 100% cacao, or baking bars of chocolate can be used for hot chocolate, but you’ll need to add a fair amount of sugar as it’s totally unsweetened. Milk chocolate doesn’t work well as it has a lot of milk solids and usually a much lower cacao percentage.
To make 4 servings of this type of hot chocolate chop 8 ounces of chocolate into small chunks. Pour 4 cups of organic milk into a saucepan and slowly bring it to a low simmer. Whisk your milk so it doesn’t stick or burn. Once your milk is simmering, add the chocolate along with a teaspoon of organic vanilla extract and 3 teaspoons of powdered organic sugar to the milk and whisk as it continues to simmer, until the chocolate is melted. Continue to heat for another 4 to 5 minutes. Serve. In place of the powdered sugar you can use 1 to 3 teaspoons of white organic sugar to taste.
For a richer version of whole bar hot chocolate, mix one cup organic milk, one cup organic half & half, about eight teaspoons organic sugar, one ounce semisweet Fair Trade chocolate crumbled up or chopped, and one ounce unsweetened Fair Trade chocolate, crumbled or chopped in a sauce pan or in double boiler. Heat on low until all your sugar dissolves. Add a few drops of pure vanilla extract and mix well. Makes two servings.
Hot Chocolate Made with Cocoa Powder
Homemade hot cocoa with baking cocoa is my favorite. Although it’s a slight taste notch below hot cocoa made with squares of chocolate, it still tastes great but it’s much easier. To make a nice cup of this homemade hot chocolate, simply combine 1 tablespoon Fair Trade cocoa powder, 2 tablespoons organic sugar and a few tablespoons of organic milk in a small saucepan. Heat this mixture on low and stir continually until a paste forms. Add about a cup more of organic milk and a dash of real organic vanilla extract. Heat to the desired temperature slowly, so you don’t scald the milk and serve. Note, to find less expensive cocoa powder, check the bulk section at your local co-op or natural food store. Often they’ll have organic.